How the New Testament Describes Salvation

Dane Ortlund writes:

Here are the more important ones, noting which sphere of life from which they are drawn.

Justification – the lawcourt metaphor (Rom 5:1Titus 3:7)

Sanctification – the cultus metaphor (1 Cor 1:21 Thess 4:3)

Adoption – the familial metaphor (Rom 8:151 John 3:1–2)

Reconciliation – the relational metaphor (Rom 5:1–112 Cor 5:18–20)

Washing – the physical cleansing metaphor (1 Cor 6:11Titus 3:7)

Redemption – the slave market metaphor (Eph 1:7Rev 14:3–4)

Purchase – the financial transaction metaphor (1 Cor 6:202 Pet 2:1)

Wedding – the marriage metaphor (Eph 5:31-32Rev 21:2)

Liberation – the imprisonment metaphor (Gal 5:1Rev 1:5)

New Birth – the physical generation metaphor (John 3:3–71 Pet 1:3,23)

Illumination – the light metaphor (John 12:35–362 Cor 4:4–6)

New Creation – the redemptive-historical metaphor (2 Cor 5:17Gal 6:15)

Resurrection – the bodily metaphor (Eph 2:6Col 3:1)

Union with Christ – the organic or spatial metaphor (Rom 6:1–142 Tim 1:9)

Inexhaustible richness. Luther was right–

If a person is without warmth about matters pertaining to God and salvation, as the common man does, then the devil merely laughs. But if your words are aglow in your heart, you will put the devil to flight. (LW 22:357)

Peter serves as a pastor-teacher, at home and abroad, resourcing gospel-centred communities.

One thought on “How the New Testament Describes Salvation

  1. Amazing! The depth and breadth and glory of salvation is mind-blowing. Makes me a little impatient with doctrinal squabbling about which salvation metaphors should be most prominent.

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