Ed Stetzer writes:
The following list is taken from C.J. Mahaney’s work, Living the Cross Centered Life (pages 118-119). Mahaney’s comparisons offer a helpful way to look at the two doctrines.
- Justification is being declared righteous. Sanctification is being made righteous – being conformed to the image of Jesus.
- Justification is our position before God, a position that becomes permanently ours at the time of our conversion. Sanctification is our practice that continues throughout our life on earth.
- Justification is immediate and complete upon conversion. You’ll never be more justified that you are the first moment you trust in the Person and finished work of Christ.
- Sanctification is a progressive process. You’ll be more sanctified as you continue in grace motivated obedience.
- Justification is objective – Christ’s work for us. Sanctification is subjective – Christ’s work within us.