One Point Calvinism!

By Pastor Scott Thomas, Acts 29 Director

As a church planter, I received more arguments over our position of Reformed Theology than I did everything else combined. It angered the most faithful of Christians and confused others. Only a handful, I believed, truly understood the doctrine of salvation as described in the Bible. It was a point of contention that got people off mission–even though it was not presented in a polarizing manner.

JI Packer, above, at a hotel room in Orlando talking to us about his desire to leave a lasting legacy.

Recently I read The Five Points of Calvinism co-authored by David Steele, Curtis Thomas and Lance Quinn (P&R Publishing). I felt it was a shepherdly treatise on the doctrines of grace that can help the layman to understanding the centrality of God in the salvation of man. The book quotes JI Packer, whom I had the pleasure of spending the day with recently. I think his explanation of Calvinism as “one point” is brilliant.
Packer said, “The very act of setting out Calvinistic soteriology [the doctrine of salvation] in the form of five distinct points (a number due, as we saw, merely to the fact that there were five Arminian points for the Synod of Dort to answer) tends to obscure the organic character of Calvinistic thought on this subject. For the five points, though separately stated, are inseparable. They hang together; you cannot reject one without rejecting them all, at least in the sense in which the Synod meant them. For to Calvinism there is really only one point to be made in the field of soteriology: the point that God saves sinners.

“God – the Triune Jehovah, Father, Son and Spirit; three Persons working together in sovereign wisdom, power and love to achieve the salvation of a chosen people, the Father electing, the Son fulfilling the Father’s will by redeeming, the Spirit executing the purpose of Father and Son by renewing.

“Saves – does everything, first to last, that is involved in bringing man from death in sin to life in glory: plans, achieves and communicates redemption, calls and keeps, justifies, sanctifies, glorifies.

“Sinners – men as God finds them, guilty, vile, helpless, powerless, unable to lift a finger to do God’s will or better their spiritual lot. God saves sinners – and the force of this confession may not be weakened by disrupting the unity of the work of the Trinity, or by dividing the achievement of salvation between God and man and making the decisive part man’s own, or by soft-pedalling the sinner’s inability so as to allow him to share the praise of his salvation with his Saviour. This is the one point of Calvinistic soteriology which the “five points” are concerned to establish and Arminianism in all its forms to deny: namely, that sinners do not save themselves in any sense at all, but that salvation, first and last, whole and entire, past, present and future, is of the Lord, to whom be glory for ever; amen.”

J.I. Packer, “Introductory Essage,” in The Death of Death in the Death of Christ, by John Owen (London: Banner of Truth, 1959) 4-5.

Peter serves as a pastor-teacher, at home and abroad, resourcing gospel-centred communities.

4 thoughts on “One Point Calvinism!

  1. I respect J.I. Packer tremendously, and I am indebted to him for helping me understand Reformed soteriology when I was a new believer, 30+ years ago.

    However, I’ve often struggled with whether or not it’s true that all five points of Calvinism stand or fall together. I understand that they do in a logical or TR sense, but I’m not sure that they do in a biblical sense.

    Even though Bruce Ware’s view, for instance, is not TR, I believe it’s possible that his thinking on the nature of the atonement may be more faithful to all that Scripture says about it than the TR view. From that springs my hesitation to fully endorse Packer’s statement.

  2. Hey Barry,

    I would contend that not even logically do the 5 points necessarily relate.

    Here are 2 pionts to consider.

    The doctrine of election does require effectual atonement, but it does not entail limited atonement. There is a big difference here. Limited is about negation, about denying something: effectual is about specificity. So with effectual atonement, many first generation Reformed and later Reformed held that Christ can be said to die for all (conditionally or non-absolutely etc) but for the elect effectually.

    Secondly, here is a list of these moderate Calvinists:

    Martin Luther
    William Tyndale
    Wolfgang Musculus
    Pierre Viret
    Peter Martyr Vermigli
    Thomas Cranmer
    Miles Coverdale
    Rudolph Gualther
    Zachary Ursinus (1534–1583)
    Jacob Kimedoncius
    David Paraeus
    Robert Rollock
    William Bucanus
    Batholomaeus Keckermann

    Second Reformation Era:

    James Usser
    Richard Sibbes
    Thomas Adams
    Richard Vines
    Jean Daille
    Stephen Charnock
    John Howe

    More can be found here: Meta-Links (Indexes)


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